The Spanish Steps, also known as Scalinata della Trinita dei Monti in Italian, are among the most famous images in history. They are found in Italy, Rome. They climb a steep slope from Piazza di Spagna at the bottom side to the Dei Monte at the top where the Trinita church stands. They are a popular tourist attraction and had the highest number of visitors in the city during the Renaissance period.
The 135 steps of the stairway were built with 20,000 scudi of Etienne’s bequeathed funds between 1723 and 1725. They link the Spanish Embassy and the Trinita church. Alessandro Francesco Sanctis are the two architects responsible for designing the stairway.
Cardinal Mazarin later took an interest in the project which had been clearly stipulated in the will of Gueffier. He entrusted it to an agent who had a plan of including a Louis XIV monument. The inclusion was not accepted by the papal Rome. After the death of Mazarin in 1661, Gueffier’s nephew claimed half of the will which rendered the project dormant. Pope Clement is the one who renewed some interest in it.
The Early Baroque fountain at the base, Piazza di Spagna, was built between 1627 and 1629. Pietro Bernini was credited for its construction, with his son said to have helped in the decoration. He had been an architect for the pope since 1623, on the Acqua Vergine project.
The stairway was constructed after many generations of heated arguments over how urbanized the steep slope should be. Drawings found in archives from around 1580 show the interests of Pope Gregory in constructing stairs to a façade of the church. Gasper also had his own idea in 1963, of a wooded slope, which is still conserved in Rome.
To get to the Spanish Steps, take the red line by metro and make your exit at Spagna. The Spanish Steps are right next to the station. Many buses will only get to Piazza del Popolo or Barberini, a walking distance of about 10 minutes away.